Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer that affects the thyroid gland in the throat, which is responsible for producing the hormones that control our metabolism. Despite the fact that thyroid cancer frequently affects people in their 30s, many younger people in London are unaware of the symptoms. Raising awareness of thyroid cancer is important as it will ensure that more people have the thyroid function tests, ultrasound scans and other tests that can diagnose this condition. Thyroid cancer can usually be treated very successfully as long as it is detected in time.
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
The symptoms of thyroid cancer can easily be missed. Many of us are unaware of the signs of thyroid cancer and they can easily be confused with throat infections. Possible signs of thyroid cancer include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, lumps or swelling in the neck, and changes to your voice. However, these symptoms will last longer than an infection. If you’ve been experiencing these problems for more than a few weeks, you should see your doctor.
How is Thyroid Cancer Diagnosed?
If you are experiencing symptoms that might be caused by thyroid cancer, it is important to see a doctor right away. Your throat will be examined and a sample will be taken for a thyroid function test to measure the hormone levels in your blood. The doctor may refer you for imaging tests such as an ultrasound scan at the Cardiac Screen clinic in London. Ultrasound, CT and MRI scans can reveal growths on your thyroid gland. A biopsy may also be performed to take a sample from these growths to confirm whether they are cancerous.
In most cases, the cause will be something simple such as a persistent throat infection or harmless nodules. However, if your symptoms are caused by cancer it is essential to get treated as soon as possible.