A testicular ultrasound is a diagnostic test that obtains images of the testicles and the surrounding tissues in your scrotum The two testicles are the primary male reproductive organs. They produce sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. Your testicles are in your scrotum, which is the fleshy pouch of tissue that hangs under your penis. An ultrasound is a safe, painless, and noninvasive procedure. The procedure uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of organs inside your body. An ultrasound uses a probe or transducer. This handheld device converts energy from one form to another. It pushes energy against the targeted part of your body in sweeping motions. The transducer emits sound waves as it moves across your body. The transducer then receives the sound waves as they bounce off your organs in a series of echoes. A computer processes the echoes into images on a video monitor. Normal and abnormal tissue transmit different types of echoes. A radiologist can interpret the echoes to distinguish between benign and malignant types of tumors.
Testes or scrotal ultrasound is usually carried out when a patient notices a lump or feels pain in his testicles and/or Testes area. This is a non-invasive and painless procedure. Using a transducer lubricated with warm gel, the sonographer moves the transducer over the scrotum to obtain the necessary images. Both testes, epididymides are examined to characterize any palpable lumps or to identify inflammation in the case of epididymo-orchitis.
This is a very simple procedure and it does not require any special preparation on the part of the patient.